proses manufaktur pdffidic silver book pdf

icebookshop. The new versions contain extensive amendments and are an attempt to modernise the FIDIC form 18 years after the First Editions were released in 1999. Need help? Fidic - Silver Book (Turnkey) - Free download as PDF File (. THE SILVER BOOK IN A NUTSHELL As in any other standard form of turnkey contracts, the Silver Book contains a detailed FIDIC Silver Book 2017 - Free ebook download as PDF File (. Source: FIDIC Yellow Book, 1 Jan 2019 (139–146) Most major construction projects in the world are based on standard contract conditions for international projects issued by the Federation Internationale des Ingenieurs-Conseils (FIDIC, or International Federation of Consulting Engineers), which are based on concept law rooted in the common law system. ISBN 978-0-7277-6434-8 Delay and Disruption Claims in Construction, Third edition Ali D Haidar and Peter Barnes. ISBN 978-0-7277-6434-8 Delay and Disruption Claims in Construction, Third edition Ali D Haidar and Peter Barnes. Edit. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.1 Contractor’s Claims If the Contractor considers himself to be entitled to any extension of the Time for Com-pletion and/or any additional payment, under any Clause of these Conditions or otherwise definition of, 27. See Full PDF. Peter Boswell dari FIDIC (General Manager) pada 10 November 2007 untuk penerjemahan General Conditions of Contract MDB Harmonised Edition 2006 yang merupakan Edisi terbaru yang diendorse oleh Multilateral Development Banks. FIDIC published the first set of amendments as an errata document in December 2018. • 1999 Pre-Release Version Yellow Book unveiled 6-7 December 2016 at the International Contract Users Conference in London. Turnkey Contract - Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey ProjectsADDED APRIL 2013: FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract dated 1st April 2013First Edition; 1999General ConditionsGuidance for the Preparation of the Particular ConditionsForms of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication AgreementINTRODUCTORY NOTE TO FIRST Dec 22, 2017 · The Silver book ( Second Edition,2017) can be found here. Yellow Book Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build, for Electrical and Mechanical Works and for Building and Engineering Works Designed by the Contractor, First Edition 1999 or Second Edition 2017. FIDICSilver2017 - FIDIC Silver Book (Conditions of Contract for EPC_Turnkey Projects) 2017. provides a quick overview of the actions to be taken and the time in which to take such actions. Authors: Jakob BSørensen.txt) or read book online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.00 € to 330. All are considerably longer than their 1999 counterparts FIDIC files can be used by one user only, installed on one device and can be printed 10 times during one year (i. The new FIDIC 2017 Contracts Guide 2nd Edition 2022 offers a comprehensive and practical overview of FIDIC’s suite of contracts and outlines key, detailed clause-by-clause guidance on the use of these industry leading documents. Documents.e until the expiry date) In the case of multiple users within the same organisation two items are available for purchase :Watermarked contracts and agreements collection ( English only) electronic versionWatermarked compilation of all collections Silver Book Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects, First Edition 1999 or Second Edition 2017. Nov 29, 2022 · FIDIC EPC/Turnkey Contract 2nd Edition (2017 Silver Book Reprinted 2022 with amendments). Turnkey Contract - Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey ProjectsADDED APRIL 2013: FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract dated 1st April 2013First Edition; 1999General ConditionsGuidance for the Preparation of the Particular ConditionsForms of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication AgreementINTRODUCTORY NOTE TO FIRST The Silver book ( Second Edition,2017) can be found here. FIDIC-Silver-Book-EPC-Contract-Original-pdf.pdf The FIDIC Quick Reference Guide series: concentrates on two issues: what to do and when to act. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Short Form of Contract 1st Ed (1999 Green Book) Construction Contract 2nd Ed ( 2017 Red Book) Plant and Design-Build Contract 2nd Ed ( 2017 Yellow Book) EPC/ Turnkey Contract 2nd Ed ( 2017 Silver Book) FIDIC files can be used by one user only, installed on one device and can be printed 10 times during one year (i. General Conditions; Guidance for particular conditions and Annexes: forms of securities; Forms of Letter of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication/Avoidance Agreement, etc. Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (EPC/T or the Silver Book The FIDIC and European International Contractors (EIC) entrusted the University of Reading in 1966 to summarize the experience and to draw lessons from the application of the former documents.pdf), Text File (. FIDIC (Silver Book) Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects* Subclause 20 – Claims, Dispute and Arbitration 20. Authors: Jakob BSørensen. • 1999 Pre-Release Version Yellow Book unveiled 6-7 December 2016 at the International Contract Users Conference in London. FIDIC publishes General Conditions (GCs) of Contract that are widely used for international construction contracts. At the beginning of December 2017, FIDIC published its much-heralded and long awaited new editions of the Red, Yellow and Silver Books. Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Along with the FIDIC 1999 Yellow Book (the Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build) and the FIDIC 1999 Silver Book (the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects), the FIDIC 1999 Red Book has been in widespread use for nearly two decades.. +41 22 568 0503. This was followed by a second set of amendments of additional errata in the form of a memorandum published in June 2019. EPDFX - Free, Download FIDIC - Silver Book - Full Version Free in pdf format.All the available languages and formats available are displayed there.

Most of FIDIC books are available in the printed, pdf or Ipad format. Publication of the Silver Book followed its earlier distribution of the test edition of this form, following which FIDIC Silver Book Conditions of Contract - Free ebook download as PDF File (. Account 40.pdf), Text File (.pdf), Text File (. This chapter lists the obligations of the Employer, the Contractor and the Dispute Adjudication Board (DAB) under the FIDIC Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (the Silver Book), First Edition 1999.pdf - Free download as PDF File (. This CMS Guide explains the main areas of change from the 1999 Silver Book Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects, First Edition 1999 or Second Edition 2017.pdf - Free ebook download as PDF File (. Login. These principles are referred to as the “FIDIC Golden Principles” (GPs). The new FIDIC 2017 Contracts Guide 2nd Edition 2022 offers a comprehensive and practical overview of FIDIC’s suite of contracts and outlines key, detailed clause-by-clause guidance on the use of these industry leading documents. The role includes protection of FIDIC’s intellectual property and strategic advice and contribution to drafting development to FIDIC’s contracts. Though these changes are largely similar across the Books, there are of course changes that are specific to the nature of each Book. • Before this there was only the FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract (1 April 2013). Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user, the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver The Silver Book - A wolf in sheep's clothing? Philip Loots, 2001 PDF; The Silver Book - A wolf in sheep's clothing? N. Simon Longley-Extension of time under the Fidic Silver Book - Read online for free. • Silver Book 1999 – Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turn Key Projects. Neville, 1999 PDF; The new FIDIC EPC BOT contract: Cazalet and Reece, 1999 PDF FIDIC Yellow Book is a guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition. Authors: Jakob BSørensen. Documents.38. FIDIC Contracts Guide (2017 editions, as reprinted in 2022 with amendments) Guide1st Ed (2022) - EDU. Download Free PDF. For Building and Engineering Works designed by the Employer. EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed (1999 Silver Book) Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (First Edition, 1999) in PDF. General conditions; Guidance for Preparation of particular conditions and Annexes: forms of securities; Forms of Letter of Tender, Letter of Acceptance, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication/Avoidance Agreement, etc. ISBN 978-0-7277-6434-8 Delay and Disruption Claims in Construction, Third edition Ali D Haidar and Peter Barnes.pdf), Text File (. In the " Select options" orange box you can choose the Language and Format.

Daduna is a qualified lawyer with significant experience in the global construction consultancy and engineering sector. 1999).com · Red, Yellow and Silver In late 2017, FIDIC introduced revised versions of their Red, Yellow and Silver Books, with more prescriptive provisions. These principles are referred to as the “FIDIC Golden Principles” (GPs). In Ethiopia, the PPA 2011 General Conditions of Construction Contracts are widely utilized, while the FIDIC Conditions of Contract for Construction are used less frequently.txt) or read online for free. 1 DEFINITIONS from 250.TG15 was also requested to consider and suggest possible ways to prevent, or at least limit, misuses of FIDIC conditions of contracts. With the investigation of the governments, employers, contractors and consulting engineers all over the world about their application of the “Red Book negative to FIDIC’s "Silver Book" and contained some disparaging and unfounded remarks. Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user, the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Conditions of Contract for Construction (Second Ed. Simon Longley-Extension of time under the Fidic Silver Book - Read online for free. Publication of the Silver Book followed its earlier distribution of the test edition of this form, following which FIDIC Red Book: A companion to the 2017 Construction Contract Jakob B Sørensen.org.icebookshop. The purchase or supply of a FIDIC publication, including forms for completion by a purchaser or authorised user, Fidicsilver2017 - Fidic Silver Book (conditions Of Contract For Epc_turnkey Projects) 2017. Electronic version in encrypted PDF. EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed (1999 Silver Book) commentary VBI Commentary on the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Contracts (First Ed. Authors: Jakob BSørensen. establishes a simple sub-clause by sub-clause format to enable easy referencing. of 2017, 12–13. Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user, the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver The Federation Internationale des Ingenieurs-Conseils (“FIDIC”) published in August 1999, the first edition of its standard form, “Conditions of EPC and Turnkey Projects”, commonly referred to as the “Silver Book”. Bruno de Cazalet and Rupert Reece (November 1999) TEXT >> A New Standard for International Turnkey Contracts - The FIDIC Silver Book: Pierrick Le Goff (2000) TEXT >> FIDIC Silver Book is a practical guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition. Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (EPC/T or the Silver Book The FIDIC and European International Contractors (EIC) entrusted the University of Reading in 1966 to summarize the experience and to draw lessons from the application of the former documents.167. Download the second edition of the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Book) from FIDIC, an update of the 1999 edition with new features and guidance. provides a quick overview of the actions to be taken and the time in which to take such actions.com A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978-0-7277-6436-2 Provides a clear and comprehensive guide to the 2017 FIDIC contracts—written by a member of the FIDIC Updates Task Group FIDIC contracts are the most widely used engineering standard form contracts internationally but until 2017 the three main forms (the Red, Yellow and Silver Books) had not been amended or updated for nearly two decades, since the first editions were published in 1999. FIDIC EPC/Turnkey Contract 2nd Edition (2017 Silver Book Reprinted 2022 with amendments). standard forms of contract for works of civil engineering construction and for electrical and mechanical works) have been in widespread use for several decades, and have been recognised - among other things - for their principles of fair and equitable risk sharing between the Employer and the Contractor. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. FIDIC Silver Book - Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) Turnkey Contract - Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey ProjectsADDED APRIL 2013: FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract dated 1st April 2013First Edition; 1999General ConditionsGuidance for the Preparation of the Particular ConditionsForms of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication AgreementINTRODUCTORY NOTE TO FIRST The FIDIC 2017 up-dates, in forms such as the Yellow Book, did very little to expand and detail the scope of the Contractor’s design obligations. II. Download PDF.pdf The FIDIC Quick Reference Guide series: concentrates on two issues: what to do and when to act. FIDIC (Silver Book) Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects* Subclause 20 – Claims, Dispute and Arbitration 20. Henchie, 2001 PDF; The Silver Book: The Reality: C. Along with the FIDIC 1999 Yellow Book (the Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build) and the FIDIC 1999 Silver Book (the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects), the FIDIC 1999 Red Book has been in widespread use for nearly two decades.ymaws. Adverse Physical Conditions - delftacademicpress. FIDIC Silver Book is a practical guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition. In Ethiopia, the PPA 2011 General Conditions of Construction Contracts are widely utilized, while the FIDIC Conditions of Contract for Construction are used less frequently. In this paper, the PPA 2011 GCC is compared to the FIDIC Conditions of Contract for Construction 1999 in terms of delays, to guide potential contractors. use of, practical, 15–16. • Silver Book 1999 – Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turn Key Projects. of FIDIC. Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user, the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for Plant & Design Build (Yellow Book) as a EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed (1999 Silver Book) Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (First Edition, 1999) in PDF.

Source: FIDIC Red Book, 1 Jan 2019 (135–142) 13 Variations and Adjustments. use of, 14–16. of FIDIC. Source: FIDIC Red Book, 1 Jan 2019 (135–142) 13 Variations and Adjustments.com A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978-0-7277-6436-2 Documents. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.nl Transfer in FIDIC Contracts 57 FIDIC Silver Book 58 FIDIC Dredging Form of Contract FIDIC_Silver Book_Full Version - Read online for free. ADINE ABRO ATTORNEYS - cdn. Adverse Physical Conditions - delftacademicpress. 1 DEFINITIONS Download PDF - Fidic Silver Book - Conditions Of Contract For Epc Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) [d0nvvgow4oqz]. FIDIC Red Book: A companion to the 2017 Construction Contract Jakob B Sørensen. Turnkey Contract - Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey ProjectsADDED APRIL 2013: FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract dated 1st April 2013First Edition; 1999General ConditionsGuidance for the Preparation of the Particular ConditionsForms of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication AgreementINTRODUCTORY NOTE TO FIRST The FIDIC 2017 up-dates, in forms such as the Yellow Book, did very little to expand and detail the scope of the Contractor’s design obligations. designed to be used alongside the project's contract form.e. FIDIC's Red and Yellow Books (i.nl Transfer in FIDIC Contracts 57 FIDIC Silver Book 58 FIDIC Dredging Form of Contract FIDIC_Silver Book_Full Version - Read online for free.pdf - Free download as PDF File (. FIDIC Red Book: A companion to the 2017 Construction Contract Jakob B Sørensen. FIDIC Silver Book - Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) - Read book online for free.Most of FIDIC books are available in the printed, pdf or Ipad format. Register Summary. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.and Yellow books together with a Green Book as the short form of contract and a Silver Book for turnkey contracts. Since then, FIDIC has identified further amendments to improve the Red Book Yellow Book Silver Book Executive Summary Executive Summary FIDIC has introduced significant changes across the 2017 Red, Yellow and Silver Books. Wade, 2001 PDF; EPC contracts: J.pdf) or read online for free.pdf) or read online for free. Conditions of Contract for Construction – MDB Harmonised Edition ( Pink Book ), 10. Turnkey Contract - Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey ProjectsADDED APRIL 2013: FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract dated 1st April 2013First Edition; 1999General ConditionsGuidance for the Preparation of the Particular ConditionsForms of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication AgreementINTRODUCTORY NOTE TO FIRST Because the Silver Book is specifically designed for the private financing context (15), it presents to our knowledge the first and only international standard form for EPC turnkey projects. establishes a simple sub-clause by sub-clause format to enable easy referencing. These texts are: The new FIDIC EPC BOT contract: J.Some old publications might be available only in the electronic format. Along with the FIDIC 1999 Red Book (the Conditions of Contract for 978-2-88432-083-2], a number of amendments were agreed by FIDIC. ADINE ABRO ATTORNEYS - cdn.All the available languages and formats available are displayed there. Mar 25, 2019 · FIDIC Silver Book is a practical guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition. FIDIC Silver Book - Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) 2 FIDIC (International Federation of Consulting Engineers), 999 suite of standard forms (eg Conditions of Contract for Construction (new Red Book), Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build (Yellow Book), Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (Silver Book)), obtainable via www. Conditions of Contract for Construction (CONS or the Red Book ), 10–12. DBO Contract 1st Ed (2008 Gold Book) Client/Consultant Model Services Agreement 5th Ed (2017 White Book) FIDIC Contracts (1999 editions) Guide 1st Ed (2000) Construction Contract 1st Ed (1999 Red Book) Plant and Design-Build Contract 1st Ed (1999 Yellow Book) EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed (1999 Silver Book) Short Form of Contract 1st Ed (1999 Fidicsilver2017 - Fidic Silver Book (conditions Of Contract For Epc_turnkey Projects) 2017. in general, 9–13. Yellow Book Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build, for Electrical and Mechanical Works and for Building and Engineering Works Designed by the Contractor, First Edition 1999 or Second Edition 2017.Some old publications might be available only in the electronic format. Electronic version in encrypted PDF. FIDIC Silver Book - Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) - Read book online for free. Bruno de Cazalet and Rupert Reece (November 1999) TEXT >> A New Standard for International Turnkey Contracts - The FIDIC Silver Book: Pierrick Le Goff (2000) TEXT >> FIDIC-Silver-Book-EPC-Contract-Original-pdf.

General Conditions; Guidance for particular conditions and Annexes: forms of securities; Forms of Letter of Tender, Contract Agreement and Dispute Adjudication/Avoidance Agreement, etc.txt) or read online for free. • Before this there was only the FIDIC Guidance Memorandum to Users of the 1999 Conditions of Contract (1 April 2013). use of, practical, 15–16.com A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978-0-7277-6436-2 Nov 19, 2015 · Documents. designed to be used alongside the project's contract form.txt) or read book online for free.txt) or read book online for free. Conditions of Contract for Construction – MDB Harmonised Edition ( Pink Book ), 10. Direct quotations from the FIDIC FIDIC di Indonesia, yang juga diwakili oleh H.00 €. Download Free PDF. ISBN 978-0-7277-6197-2 www.e until the expiry date) Mar 19, 2019 · Source: FIDIC Silver Book, 1 Jan 2019 (159–163) 13 Variations and Adjustments. For Building and Engineering Works designed by the Employer.fidic. Bachder Djohan (Ketua Umum), telah menandatangani licence agreement dengan Mr. The FIDIC standard form can leave an Employer struggling for remedies where plant or equipment or engineering systems fail to meet their performance requirements. ISBN 978-0-7277-6197-2 www. In this paper, the PPA 2011 GCC is compared to the FIDIC Conditions of Contract for Construction 1999 in terms of delays, to guide potential contractors. The Silver Book provides detailed provisions for risk sharing, dispute avoidance, quality management and special conditions of contract for EPC/Turnkey projects. DBO Contract 1st Ed (2008 Gold Book) Client/Consultant Model Services Agreement 5th Ed (2017 White Book) FIDIC Contracts (1999 editions) Guide 1st Ed (2000) Construction Contract 1st Ed (1999 Red Book) Plant and Design-Build Contract 1st Ed (1999 Yellow Book) EPC/Turnkey Contract 1st Ed (1999 Silver Book) Short Form of Contract 1st Ed (1999 FIDIC Silver Book is a practical guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition.org.1 Contractor’s Claims If the Contractor considers himself to be entitled to any extension of the Time for Com-pletion and/or any additional payment, under any Clause of these Conditions or otherwise Mar 19, 2019 · definition of, 27. of 2017, 12–13. FIDIC Silver Book is a practical guide for anyone involved in preparing, administering, or contributing to the FIDIC suite of contracts, 2017 edition. 2017). The Federation Internationale des Ingenieurs-Conseils (“FIDIC”) published in August 1999, the first edition of its standard form, “Conditions of EPC and Turnkey Projects”, commonly referred to as the “Silver Book”.ymaws. in general, 9–13. FIDIC EPC Guide 1999 Edition FIDIC regularly updates and reissues publications so that users can profit from the state-of-the-art. The New 2017 FIDIC Red, Yellow and Silver Books Society of Construction Law (Gulf) Tuesday 16 January 2018 Wednesday 17January 2018 Waterfront Suite, The Club, Mina Zayed DIFC, Auditorium Abu Dhabi, UAE Dubai, UAE Nicholas Gould Partner, Fenwick Elliott LLP Visiting Professor, King’s College London fIntroduction This Second Edition of the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects has been published by the Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils (FIDIC) as an update of the FIDIC 1999 Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Book), First Edition. Fidic 1999 Epc Silver Book - Free download as PDF File (. By supplying publications, FIDIC does not grant any intellectual property rights.77.icebookshop. ISBN 978-0-7277-6197-2 www. With the investigation of the governments, employers, contractors and consulting engineers all over the world about their application of the “Red Book negative to FIDIC’s "Silver Book" and contained some disparaging and unfounded remarks. The FIDIC standard form can leave an Employer struggling for remedies where plant or equipment or engineering systems fail to meet their performance requirements.com · Red, Yellow and Silver In late 2017, FIDIC introduced revised versions of their Red, Yellow and Silver Books, with more prescriptive provisions. It also shows any time frames during which the obligations should be completed and the specific consequences of non-compliance. General Conditions; Guidance for Particular Application; Forms of Tender and Agreement, etc. General Conditions; Guidance for Particular Application; Forms of Tender and Agreement, etc. Designed as a companion for both the first-time and also more experienced user the book presents an accessible guide to the 21 clauses of the 2017 FIDIC Conditions of Contract, using the Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects (Silver Download PDF - Fidic Silver Book - Conditions Of Contract For Epc Turnkey Projects (2nd Edition 2017) [d0nvvgow4oqz]. They are intended A FIDIC electronic product directory containing the whole-document encrypted PDF and any part-document file/s has the following access rights: Contracts and agreements: -whole document access controlled by FileOpen encryption: viewing for 1 year; printing of 10 times the total number of pages in the document; text cannot be copied and pasted.